美国人类学家2013-09-05 2:56 AM

How People Moved among Ancient Societies: Broadening the View - Cameron - 2013 - American Anthropologist - Wiley Online Library

ABSTRACT Archaeologists have made great strides in understanding prehistoric migration, yet they have tended to focus on only part of the continuum of human movement. In nonstate societies, individuals and groups moved frequently across social and environmental boundaries for a range of reasons. Although archaeologists are well aware of the fluid nature of social boundaries, we are only beginning to use this knowledge to understand human movement. I use ethnohistoric and ethnographic examples to show that people in nonstate societies moved frequently as a result of warfare and captive taking, processes of fission and fusion, and random demographic events typical of small-scale societies. Such movement was often hurried, sometimes coerced, and decision making could be constrained by social factors beyond migrants’ control. Illustrated with a case study from the American Southwest, I argue here that consideration of such forms of movement can significantly improve our interpretations of the past.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

美国人类学家

0 Following 1 Fans 0 Projects 20 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

In this article, I draw on ethnography from the Zambian Copperbelt to examine the social productivity of the Pentecostal prosperity gospel, a Christian

阅读更多

Puerto Rican artisanal fishers, like artisanal food producers around the world, emphasize the quality of their products to compete with industrial food

阅读更多

Recent anthropological work demonstrates rising concern for understanding group-level autonomy, particularly the maintenance of opposition to expandin

阅读更多

Locality studies, a form of community mapping, emerged as a popular technique of sustainable development in early-21st-century Japan. Its proponents c

阅读更多

This article reports on “molecular gastronomy,” a food movement whose practitioners—chemists who study food and chefs who apply their results—define as

阅读更多

Like other dictators, Paraguay's Alfredo Stroessner staked his regime's claims to modernity on a massive hydroelectric project, Itaipú Dam. Critiques o

阅读更多

In this article, I examine a crisis of faith among nonliberal Jews in Brooklyn that was blamed on the Internet. The ensuing moral panic led many in the

阅读更多

In this article, I examine the concepts of place and place-making across multiple scales to understand how Alaskan landscapes have been constituted and

阅读更多

This article discerns how human–animal boundaries are played with and blurred through familial love of pets in Israel. It explores the ways interspeci

阅读更多

Based on 24 months of fieldwork in Pakistan and Canada with Pakistani women who migrated for work, this article examines the politics of multiculturali

阅读更多