Disparity in Selmer ranks of quadratic twists of elliptic curves | Annals of Mathematics

Abstract We study the parity of 2-Selmer ranks in the family of quadratic twists of an arbitrary elliptic curve E over an arbitrary number field K. We prove that the fraction of twists (of a given elliptic curve over a fixed number field) having even 2-Selmer rank exists as a stable limit over the family of twists, and we compute this fraction as an explicit product of local factors. We give an example of an elliptic curve E such that as K varies, these fractions are dense in [0,1]. More generally, our results also apply to p-Selmer ranks of twists of 2-dimensional self-dual Fp-representations of the absolute Galois group of K by characters of order p.

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数学年刊(Annals of Mathematics)

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