On resonances and the formation of gaps in the spectrum of quasi-periodic Schrödinger equations | Annals of Mathematics

Abstract We consider one-dimensional difference Schrödinger equations [H(x,ω)φ](n)≡−φ(n−1)−φ(n+1)+V(x+nω)φ(n)=Eφ(n), n∈ℤ, x,ω∈[0,1] with real-analytic potential function V(x). If L(E,ω0) is greater than 0 for all E∈(E′,E”) and some Diophantine ω0, then the integrated density of states is absolutely continuous for almost every ω close to ω0, as shown by the authors in earlier work. In this paper we establish the formation of a dense set of gaps in spec(H(x,ω))∩(E′,E”). Our approach is based on an induction on scales argument, and is therefore both constructive as well as quantitative. Resonances between eigenfunctions of one scale lead to “pre-gaps” at a larger scale. To pass to actual gaps in the spectrum, we show that these pre-gaps cannot be filled more than a finite (and uniformly bounded) number of times. To accomplish this, one relates a pre-gap to pairs of complex zeros of the Dirichlet determinants off the unit circle. Amongst other things, we establish a nonperturbative version of the co-variant parametrization of the eigenvalues and eigenfunctions via the phases in the spirit of Sinai’s (perturbative) description of the spectrum via his function Λ. This allows us to relate the gaps in the spectrum with the graphs of the eigenvalues parametrized by the phase. Our infinite volume theorems hold for all Diophantine frequencies ω up to a set of Hausdorff dimension zero.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

数学年刊(Annals of Mathematics)

0 Following 0 Fans 0 Projects 674 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

Abstract For any nondegenerate, quasi-homogeneous hypersurface singularity, we describe a family of moduli spaces, a virtual cycle, and a correspondin

Read More

Abstract For a large class of nonlinear Schrödinger equations with nonzero conditions at infinity and for any speed c less than the sound velocity, we

Read More

Abstract Let L2,p(ℝ2) be the Sobolev space of real-valued functions on the plane whose Hessian belongs to Lp. For any finite subset E⊂ℝ2 and p>2, let

Read More

Abstract We prove that for any group G in a fairly large class of generalized wreath product groups, the associated von Neumann algebra LG completely

Read More

Abstract We study the parity of 2-Selmer ranks in the family of quadratic twists of an arbitrary elliptic curve E over an arbitrary number field K. We

Read More

Abstract This paper has two main results. Firstly, we complete the parametrisation of all p-blocks of finite quasi-simple groups by finding the so-cal

Read More

Abstract We derive sharp Moser-Trudinger inequalities on the CR sphere. The first type is in the Adams form, for powers of the sublaplacian and for ge

Read More

Abstract We prove that isoparametric hypersurfaces with (g,m)=(6,2) are homogeneous, which answers Dorfmeister-Neher’s conjecture affirmatively and so

Read More

Abstract We prove the periodicity conjecture for pairs of Dynkin diagrams using Fomin-Zelevinsky’s cluster algebras and their (additive) categorificat

Read More

Abstract If F(x,y)∈ℤ[x,y] is an irreducible binary form of degree k≥3, then a theorem of Darmon and Granville implies that the generalized superellipt

Read More