The resolution of the Nirenberg–Treves conjecture | Annals of Mathematics

Abstract We give a proof of the Nirenberg-Treves conjecture: that local solvability of principal-type pseudo-differential operators is equivalent to condition (Ψ). This condition rules out sign changes from − to + of the imaginary part of the principal symbol along the oriented bicharacteristics of the real part. We obtain local solvability by proving a localizable a priori estimate for the adjoint operator with a loss of two derivatives (compared with the elliptic case). The proof involves a new metric in the Weyl (or Beals-Fefferman) calculus which makes it possible to reduce to the case when the gradient of the imaginary part is nonvanishing, so that the zeroes form a smooth submanifold. The estimate uses a new type of weight, which measures the changes of the distance to the zeroes of the imaginary part along the bicharacteristics of the real part between the minima of the curvature of the zeroes. By using condition (Ψ) and the weight, we can construct a multiplier giving the estimate.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

数学年刊(Annals of Mathematics)

0 Following 0 Fans 0 Projects 674 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

Abstract For any nondegenerate, quasi-homogeneous hypersurface singularity, we describe a family of moduli spaces, a virtual cycle, and a correspondin

阅读更多

Abstract For a large class of nonlinear Schrödinger equations with nonzero conditions at infinity and for any speed c less than the sound velocity, we

阅读更多

Abstract Let L2,p(ℝ2) be the Sobolev space of real-valued functions on the plane whose Hessian belongs to Lp. For any finite subset E⊂ℝ2 and p>2, let

阅读更多

Abstract We prove that for any group G in a fairly large class of generalized wreath product groups, the associated von Neumann algebra LG completely

阅读更多

Abstract We study the parity of 2-Selmer ranks in the family of quadratic twists of an arbitrary elliptic curve E over an arbitrary number field K. We

阅读更多

Abstract This paper has two main results. Firstly, we complete the parametrisation of all p-blocks of finite quasi-simple groups by finding the so-cal

阅读更多

Abstract We derive sharp Moser-Trudinger inequalities on the CR sphere. The first type is in the Adams form, for powers of the sublaplacian and for ge

阅读更多

Abstract We prove that isoparametric hypersurfaces with (g,m)=(6,2) are homogeneous, which answers Dorfmeister-Neher’s conjecture affirmatively and so

阅读更多

Abstract We prove the periodicity conjecture for pairs of Dynkin diagrams using Fomin-Zelevinsky’s cluster algebras and their (additive) categorificat

阅读更多

Abstract If F(x,y)∈ℤ[x,y] is an irreducible binary form of degree k≥3, then a theorem of Darmon and Granville implies that the generalized superellipt

阅读更多