心理学年度评论2013-09-05 2:57 AM

The Development of Problem Solving in Young Children: A Critical Cognitive Skill - Annual Review of Psychology, 62(1):1

Problem solving is a signature attribute of adult humans, but we need to understand how this develops in children. Tool use is proposed as an ideal way to study problem solving in children less than 3 years of age because overt manual action can reveal how the child plans to achieve a goal. Motor errors are as informative as successful actions. Research is reviewed on intentional actions, beginning with block play and progressing to picking up a spoon in different orientations, and finally retrieving objects with rakes and from inside tubes. Behavioral and kinematic measures of motor action are combined to show different facets of skill acquisition and mastery. We need to design environments that encourage and enhance problem solving from a young age. One goal of this review is to excite interest and spur new research on the beginnings of problem solving and its elaboration during development.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

心理学年度评论

0 Following 14 Fans 0 Projects 179 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

ABSTRACT Using an autobiographical approach, I review several animal and human split-brain studies that have led me to change my long-term view on h

阅读更多

ABSTRACT The psychoactive constituent in cannabis, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), was isolated in the mid-1960s, but the cannabinoid receptors, CB1

阅读更多

ABSTRACT Although synesthesia has been known about for 200 years, it is only in the past decade or so that substantial progress has been made in stu

阅读更多

ABSTRACT Human aesthetic preference in the visual domain is reviewed from definitional, methodological, empirical, and theoretical perspectives. Aes

阅读更多

ABSTRACT How can we ever know, unequivocally, that another person is conscious and aware? Putting aside deeper philosophical considerations about th

阅读更多

How can we ever know, unequivocally, that another person is conscious and aware? Putting aside deeper philosophical considerations about the nature of

阅读更多

Executive functions (EFs) make possible mentally playing with ideas; taking the time to think before acting; meeting novel, unanticipated challenges; r

阅读更多

From the traditional perspective of associative learning theory, the hypothesis linking modifications of synaptic transmission to learning and memory i

阅读更多

Evolutionary psychology is the second wave of the cognitive revolution. The first wave focused on computational processes that generate knowledge about

阅读更多

From an evolutionary perspective, morality is a form of cooperation. Cooperation requires individuals either to suppress their own self-interest or to

阅读更多