细胞期刊(Cell)2013-09-05 2:57 AM

Cell - Punctuated Evolution of Prostate Cancer Genomes

Summary The analysis of exonic DNA from prostate cancers has identified recurrently mutated genes, but the spectrum of genome-wide alterations has not been profiled extensively in this disease. We sequenced the genomes of 57 prostate tumors and matched normal tissues to characterize somatic alterations and to study how they accumulate during oncogenesis and progression. By modeling the genesis of genomic rearrangements, we identified abundant DNA translocations and deletions that arise in a highly interdependent manner. This phenomenon, which we term “chromoplexy,” frequently accounts for the dysregulation of prostate cancer genes and appears to disrupt multiple cancer genes coordinately. Our modeling suggests that chromoplexy may induce considerable genomic derangement over relatively few events in prostate cancer and other neoplasms, supporting a model of punctuated cancer evolution. By characterizing the clonal hierarchy of genomic lesions in prostate tumors, we charted a path of oncogenic events along which chromoplexy may drive prostate carcinogenesis.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

细胞期刊(Cell)

0 Following 2 Fans 0 Projects 125 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

Epigenetic mechanisms have been proposed to play crucial roles in mammalian development, but their precise functions are only partially understood. To

Read More

Summary Replenishing insulin-producing pancreatic β cell mass will benefit both type I and type II diabetics. In adults, pancreatic β cells are gene

Read More

Summary Replenishing insulin-producing pancreatic β cell mass will benefit both type I and type II diabetics. In adults, pancreatic β cells are gene

Read More

Summary 5-methylcytosine is a major epigenetic modification that is sometimes called “the fifth nucleotide.” However, our knowledge of how offspring

Read More

Summary 5-methylcytosine is a major epigenetic modification that is sometimes called “the fifth nucleotide.” However, our knowledge of how offspring

Read More

Summary All metazoan guts are subjected to immunologically unique conditions in which an efficient antimicrobial system operates to eliminate pathog

Read More

Summary All metazoan guts are subjected to immunologically unique conditions in which an efficient antimicrobial system operates to eliminate pathog

Read More

Summary Alterations of symbiosis between microbiota and intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) are associated with intestinal and systemic pathologies. I

Read More

Summary Alterations of symbiosis between microbiota and intestinal epithelial cells (IEC) are associated with intestinal and systemic pathologies. I

Read More

Summary The most common form of heart failure occurs with normal systolic function and often involves cardiac hypertrophy in the elderly. To clarify

Read More