认知心理学2013-09-05 2:57 AM

The Dynamic Multiprocess Framework: Evidence from prospective memory with contextual variability

Highlights •Prospective memory can be supported by monitoring or spontaneous retrieval. •Monitoring and spontaneous retrieval are dynamically interconnected processes. •Engaging monitoring is dictated by the expectation of prospective memory cues. •Incorporating contextual variability highlights the interplay of monitoring and spontaneous retrieval in prospective memory. Abstract The ability to remember to execute delayed intentions is referred to as prospective memory. Previous theoretical and empirical work has focused on isolating whether a particular prospective memory task is supported either by effortful monitoring processes or by cue-driven spontaneous processes. In the present work, we advance the Dynamic Multiprocess Framework, which contends that both monitoring and spontaneous retrieval may be utilized dynamically to support prospective remembering. To capture the dynamic interplay between monitoring and spontaneous retrieval, we had participants perform many ongoing tasks and told them that their prospective memory cue may occur in any context. Following either a 20-min or a 12-h retention interval, the prospective memory cues were presented infrequently across three separate ongoing tasks. The monitoring patterns (measured as ongoing task cost relative to a between-subjects control condition) were consistent and robust across the three contexts. There was no evidence for monitoring prior to the initial prospective memory cue; however, individuals who successfully spontaneously retrieved the prospective memory intention, thereby realizing that prospective memory cues could be expected within that context, subsequently monitored. These data support the Dynamic Multiprocess Framework, which contends that individuals will engage monitoring when prospective memory cues are expected, disengage monitoring when cues are not expected, and that when monitoring is disengaged, a probabilistic spontaneous retrieval mechanism can support prospective remembering.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

认知心理学

0 Following 9 Fans 0 Projects 35 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

Highlights • We compare English acquisition in internationally-adopted preschoolers and infants. • Like infants, preschoolers use one word utteran

Read More

Abstract The sound |faɪv| is visually depicted as a written number word “five” and as an Arabic digit “5.” Here, we present four experiments – two qua

Read More

Infants have a bandwidth-limited object working memory (WM) that can both individuate and identify objects in a scene, (answering ‘how many?’ or ‘what?

Read More

This paper examines the judgment of segmented temporal intervals, using short tone sequences as a convenient test case. In four experiments, we investi

Read More

Much of the research on mathematical cognition has focused on the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9, with considerably less attention paid to more

Read More

It is typically assumed that count nouns like fork act as logical sortals, specifying whether objects are countable units of a kind (e.g., that a whole

Read More

One important function of categories is to permit rich inductive inferences. Prior work shows that children use category labels to guide their inductiv

Read More

The article investigates the mechanisms of selecting and updating representations in declarative and procedural working memory (WM). Declarative WM hol

Read More

Losses were found to improve cognitive performance, and this has been commonly explained by increased weighting of losses compared to gains (i.e., loss

Read More

Three studies compared bilinguals to monolinguals on 15 indicators of executive processing (EP). Most of the indicators compare a neutral or congruent

Read More