神经科学-自然2013-09-05 2:58 AM

TNF[alpha] reverse signaling promotes sympathetic axon growth and target innervation : Nature Neuroscience : Nature Publishing Group

Reverse signaling via members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily controls multiple aspects of immune function. Here we document TNFα reverse signaling in the nervous system to our knowledge for the first time and show that it has a crucial role in establishing sympathetic innervation. During postnatal development, sympathetic axons express TNFα as they grow and branch in their target tissues, which in turn express TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1). In culture, soluble forms of TNFR1 act directly on postnatal sympathetic axons to promote growth and branching by a mechanism that depends on membrane-integrated TNFα and on downstream activation of ERK. Sympathetic innervation density is substantially lower in several tissues in postnatal and adult mice lacking either TNFα or TNFR1. These findings reveal that target-derived TNFR1 acts as a reverse-signaling ligand for membrane-integrated TNFα to promote growth and branching of sympathetic axons.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

神经科学-自然

0 Following 1 Fans 0 Projects 88 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease whose causes are still poorly understood. To identify additional genetic

Read More

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a devastating neurodegenerative disease whose causes are still poorly understood. To identify additional genetic

Read More

Large excitatory synapses with multiple active zones ensure reliable and fast information transfer at specific points in neuronal circuits. However, th

Read More

Large excitatory synapses with multiple active zones ensure reliable and fast information transfer at specific points in neuronal circuits. However, th

Read More

Reverse signaling via members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily controls multiple aspects of immune function. Here we document TNFα revers

Read More

Reverse signaling via members of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) superfamily controls multiple aspects of immune function. Here we document TNFα revers

Read More

The activity-regulated cytoskeletal protein Arc (also known as Arg3.1) is required for long-term memory formation and synaptic plasticity. Arc expressi

Read More

The activity-regulated cytoskeletal protein Arc (also known as Arg3.1) is required for long-term memory formation and synaptic plasticity. Arc expressi

Read More

The vertebrate brain is anatomically and functionally asymmetric. The left and right cerebral hemispheres harbor neural stem cell niches at the ventric

Read More

The vertebrate brain is anatomically and functionally asymmetric. The left and right cerebral hemispheres harbor neural stem cell niches at the ventric

Read More