PLOS ONE2013-11-17 1:01 AM

Racism, Gun Ownership and Gun Control: Biased Attitudes in US Whites May Influence Policy Decisions 种族主义,枪支拥有以及枪支管制:美国白人的矛盾态度或许会影响政策决策

Abstract Objective Racism is related to policies preferences and behaviors that adversely affect blacks and appear related to a fear of blacks (e.g., increased policing, death penalty). This study examined whether racism is also related to gun ownership and opposition to gun controls in US whites. 目标 种族主义与政策偏好, 对黑人有不利影响的行为,以及恐惧黑人的现象(例如,监管升级,死刑)有关。 本研究旨在探讨种族主义是否也和枪支拥有和反对美国白人枪支控制有关。 MethodThe most recent data from the American National Election Study, a large representative US sample, was used to test relationships between racism, gun ownership, and opposition to gun control in US whites. Explanatory variables known to be related to gun ownership and gun control opposition (i.e., age, gender, education, income, conservatism, anti-government sentiment, southern vs. other states, political identification) were entered in logistic regression models, along with measures of racism, and the stereotype of blacks as violent. Outcome variables included; having a gun in the home, opposition to bans on handguns in the home, support for permits to carry concealed handguns. 方法 来自美国联邦选举研究的最新数据显示, 大量有代表性的美国样本被用来测试种族主义,枪支拥有,以及反对美国白人枪支控制之间的关系。这些样本包括输入logistic回归模型的已知的和枪支拥有以及反对枪支控制有关解释变量(例如,年龄,性别,教育程度,收入,消费,仇视政府情绪,南部和其他省份,政治认同),种族歧视的程度以及将黑人与暴力等同的刻板印象。 结果变量包括家里拥有枪支,反对家中持枪的禁令,支持允许秘密携带枪支。 Results After accounting for all explanatory variables, logistic regressions found that for each 1 point increase in symbolic racism there was a 50% increase in the odds of having a gun at home. After also accounting for having a gun in the home, there was still a 28% increase in support for permits to carry concealed handguns, for each one point increase in symbolic racism. The relationship between symbolic racism and opposition to banning handguns in the home (OR1.27 CI 1.03,1.58) was reduced to non-significant after accounting for having a gun in the home (OR1.17 CI.94,1.46), which likely represents self-interest in retaining property (guns). 结果 结果在计算了所有的解释变量之后,logistic回归发现每1个百分点的种族歧视现象变量上升将导致50%的家中持有枪支的可能性的变量上升。 之后我们又测算了家中持有枪支的变量, 我们仍旧发现每1个百分点的种族歧视现象变量上升就会导致28%的支持允许秘密携带枪支的变量的上升。在测算了家中持有枪支这个变量之后,我们发现种族歧视现象和反对家中持枪的相关性变得不明显了。 这表明了家中持枪作为财产的个人爱好的可能性的存在。 Conclusions Symbolic racism was related to having a gun in the home and opposition to gun control policies in US whites. The findings help explain US whites’ paradoxical attitudes towards gun ownership and gun control. Such attitudes may adversely influence US gun control policy debates and decisions. 结论 种族歧视现象和家中拥有枪支以及反对美国白人控制枪支的政策相关。 这些发现帮助解释了美国白人对枪支持有和枪支管制的矛盾心态。 这样的心态也许会给美国枪支控制政策的讨论和决策带来消极影响。

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