PLOS ONE2013-11-19 9:27 PM

Facebook Use Predicts Declines in Subjective Well-Being in Young Adults Facebook的使用使年轻人主观幸福感下降

Abstract Over 500 million people interact daily with Facebook. Yet, whether Facebook use influences subjective well-being over time is unknown. We addressed this issue using experience-sampling, the most reliable method for measuring in-vivo behavior and psychological experience. We text-messaged people five times per day for two-weeks to examine how Facebook use influences the two components of subjective well-being: how people feel moment-to-moment and how satisfied they are with their lives. Our results indicate that Facebook use predicts negative shifts on both of these variables over time. The more people used Facebook at one time point, the worse they felt the next time we text-messaged them; the more they used Facebook over two-weeks, the more their life satisfaction levels declined over time. Interacting with other people “directly” did not predict these negative outcomes. They were also not moderated by the size of people's Facebook networks, their perceived supportiveness, motivation for using Facebook, gender, loneliness, self-esteem, or depression. On the surface, Facebook provides an invaluable resource for fulfilling the basic human need for social connection. Rather than enhancing well-being, however, these findings suggest that Facebook may undermine it. 论文摘要 超过5亿网民每天活跃在Facebook上进行日常社交。然而使用Facebook是否让我们感到更幸福快乐呢?这答案仍扑朔迷离。我们使用经验取样这一最可靠的方法来评估行为者的体内行为和心理体验。实验内容安排为给受测人群每天发送5条短消息,持续两星期,从而来测试受测者在使用Facebook过程中感受到的两方面的主观幸福感,即人即时的主观感受和他们对自我生活的满足度。研究显示受测者在使用Facebook过程中这两方面都表现出了消极负面的变化。人们每次使用Facebook越多,则我们在下次给他们发短消息时,他们的主观感受更糟;在这两星期中受测者使用Facebook越频繁,他们对生活的主观满足感受水平降低的更多。与此相反,假如换成和其他人面对面直接互动则受测者不会表现出这种负面倾向的感受。人们也不会因为Facebook上社交网络规模,感受到的支持,使用Facebook的动机,性别,孤独感,自卑或抑郁而得到抚慰。表面看来,Facebook平台满足了我们社交沟通的基本人类需求,然而实际上,Facebook的使用非但不能提升主观幸福感,恰恰相反,研究发现表明Facebook反而降低了这种主观幸福感。

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