PLOS ONE2013-11-29 8:26 PM

Implicit Sexual Attitude of Heterosexual, Gay and Bisexual Individuals: Disentangling the Contribution of Specific Associations to the Overall Measure 异性恋,同性恋和双性恋个体内隐性态度:解开特定联想对总体估量的贡献

Abstract The article aims to measure implicit sexual attitude in heterosexual, gay and bisexual individuals. A Many-Facet Rasch Measurement analysis was used to disentangle the contribution of specific associations to the overall IAT measure. A preference for heterosexuals relative to homosexuals is observed in heterosexual respondents, driven most by associating positive attributes with heterosexuals rather than negative attributes with homosexuals. Differently, neither the negative nor the positive evaluation of any of the target groups play a prominent role in driving the preference for homosexuals observed in gay respondents. A preference for heterosexuals relative to homosexuals is observed in bisexual respondents, that results most from ascribing negative attributes to homosexuals rather than positive attributes to heterosexuals. The results are consistent with the expression of the need for achieving a positive self-image and with the influence of shared social norms concerning sexuality. 论文摘要 这篇文章旨在估量异性恋,同性恋和双性恋个体的内隐性态度。我们通过做一项多面Rasch测量分析来解开特定联想对总体内隐联想测验(IAT: Implicit Association Test)估量的贡献。调查发现异性恋受访者倾向于选择异性伴侣而非同性伴侣,受访者大部分将积极属性和异性伴侣联想在一起而将消极属性和同性伴侣联想在一起,从而驱使形成了这一偏好。与此相反,男同性恋受访者不管对目标群体内的任意样本给出负面还是正面评估都没有显著强化他们倾向于同性伴侣的偏好。调查发现双性恋受访者倾向于选择异性伴侣而非同性伴侣,这一结果归因于受访者将负面属性与同性伴侣联想在一起而将积极属性与异性伴侣归类在一起。这一研究结果与实现积极自我形象需求的表达行为以及和社会对性别态度持有的共同规范所造成的影响一致。

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