PLOS ONE2013-12-02 5:57 AM

Emotion through Locomotion: Gender Impact 从动作识别情感:性别的影响

Abstract Body language reading is of significance for daily life social cognition and successful social interaction, and constitutes a core component of social competence. Yet it is unclear whether our ability for body language reading is gender specific. In the present work, female and male observers had to visually recognize emotions through point-light human locomotion performed by female and male actors with different emotional expressions. For subtle emotional expressions only, males surpass females in recognition accuracy and readiness to respond to happy walking portrayed by female actors, whereas females exhibit a tendency to be better in recognition of hostile angry locomotion expressed by male actors. In contrast to widespread beliefs about female superiority in social cognition, the findings suggest that gender effects in recognition of emotions from human locomotion are modulated by emotional content of actions and opposite actor gender. In a nutshell, the study makes a further step in elucidation of gender impact on body language reading and on neurodevelopmental and psychiatric deficits in visual social cognition. 论文摘要: 解读身体语言对认识日常生活社交及成功的社交互动非常重要,同时这也是社交能力的一个重要方面。然而我们还不知道解读身体语言的能力是否存在性别差异。在目前我们所做的工作中,女性和男性观察者需要从男女演员表演的带有不同情感信息的点光源式的人类动作来识别情感。在细微情感的表达方面,男性的识别准确度超过了女性,男性也更倾向于对女演员表现出的快乐的走姿给予反应,而女性则在识别男演员表现出的充满敌意的怒气上表现更好。和人们普遍认为的结论相反,女性在社交中的识别能力并不具有优势,我们的结果显示,从人们的动作中识别情感信息,这个过程中识别能力受动作所包涵的情感信息类型和相反性别的影响。简言之,在评估性别因素对身体语言识读能力及视觉社交认知领域的神经发育及精神障碍的影响方面,本研究都跨出了更深入的一步。

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

PLOS ONE

0 Following 5 Fans 0 Projects 90 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

AbstractAgencies that fund scientific research must choose: is it more effective to give large grants to a few elite researchers, or small grants to ma

Read More

Abstract The role of genetically modified (GM) crops for food security is the subject of public controversy. GM crops could contribute to food product

Read More

Abstract 论文摘要 Background Combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) has significantly increased survival among HIV-positive adults in the United State

Read More

AbstractThe U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) budget expansion from 1998 through 2003 increased demand for biomedical research, raising relative

Read More

Abstract Kawaii (a Japanese word meaning “cute”) things are popular because they produce positive feelings. However, their effect on behavior remains

Read More

Abstract The diversity of life is one of the most striking aspects of our planet; hence knowing how many species inhabit Earth is among the most funda

Read More

Abstract Lateralized brain regions subserve functions such as language and visuospatial processing. It has been conjectured that individuals may be le

Read More

Abstract Background and Aims Questions over the clinical significance of cannabis withdrawal have hindered its inclusion as a discrete cannabis ind

Read More