PLOS ONE2013-12-29 4:20 AM

Real-Time Strategy Game Training: Emergence of a Cognitive Flexibility Trait 即时战略游戏训练:一种认知弹性特质的出现

Abstract
Training in action video games can increase the speed of perceptual processing. However, it is unknown whether video-game training can lead to broad-based changes in higher-level competencies such as cognitive flexibility, a core and neurally distributed component of cognition. To determine whether video gaming can enhance cognitive flexibility and, if so, why these changes occur, the current study compares two versions of a real-time strategy (RTS) game. Using a meta-analytic Bayes factor approach, we found that the gaming condition that emphasized maintenance and rapid switching between multiple information and action sources led to a large increase in cognitive flexibility as measured by a wide array of non-video gaming tasks. Theoretically, the results suggest that the distributed brain networks supporting cognitive flexibility can be tuned by engrossing video game experience that stresses maintenance and rapid manipulation of multiple information sources. Practically, these results suggest avenues for increasing cognitive function. 论文摘要 动作视频类游戏的训练可以提高感知处理的速度。然而我们仍然不知道视频类游戏训练是否会导致更高层次竞争力比如按神经分布的核心认知成份的认知灵活性等的广泛基础性的变化。本项研究比较了一个即时战略( RTS)游戏的两个不同版本来确定视频类游戏是否可以提高认知灵活性;假如可以提高的话,又为什么这些变化会发生。我们采用Meta分析贝叶斯因子方法,用一系列非视频类游戏任务作对照,结果发现那些强调多种信息和行动源之间的维持和快速切换的游戏条件能导致认知灵活性的大幅度增加。理论上来说,这一研究结果表明维持认知灵活性的分布式大脑网络可以通过那些强调对多个信息源进行维持和快速操作的引人入胜的游戏体验来调整。事实上,这些实验结果提供了能够提升认知功能的方法。

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