唧唧堂编辑二朵2013-11-08 12:53 AM

侵略欲求作为韧性因子能对抗创伤性疾病:德国二战老兵的侵略欲求和PTSD Appetitive Aggression as a Resilience Factor against Trauma Disorders: Appetitive Aggression and PTSD in German World War II Veterans

Abstract


Background Repeated exposure to traumatic stressors such as combat results in chronic symptoms of PTSD. However, previous findings suggest that former soldiers who report combat-related aggression to be appetitive are more resilient to develop PTSD. Appetitive Aggression should therefore prevent widespread mental suffering in perpetrators of severe atrocities even after decades.
Methods and Findings
To test the long-term relationship between trauma-related illness and attraction to aggression, we surveyed a sample of 51 German male World-War II veterans (age: M = 86.7, SD = 2.8). War-related appetitive aggression was assessed with the Appetitive Aggression Scale (AAS). Current- and lifetime PTSD symptoms were assessed with the PSS-I. In a linear regression analysis accounting for 31% of the variance we found that veterans that score higher on the AAS show lower PSS-I symptom severity scores across their whole post-war lifetime (β = − .31, p = .014). The effect size and power were sufficient (f2 = 0.51, (1-β) = .99). The same was true for current PTSD (β = − .27, p = .030).
Conclusions
Appetitive Aggression appears to be a resilience factor for negative long-term effects of combat experiences in perpetrators of violence. This result has practical relevance for preventing trauma-related mental suffering in Peace Corps and for designing adequate homecoming reception for veterans.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

唧唧堂编辑二朵

jijitang editor flower 2

1 Following 7 Fans 0 Projects 149 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

Abstract Dyscalculia, dyslexia, and specific language impairment (SLI) are relatively specific developmental learning disabilities in math, reading, a

Read More

Abstract Recent research in cognitive and developmental neuroscience is providing a new approach to the understanding of dyscalculia that emphasizes

Read More

Abstract Reprogramming somatic cells into pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESCs) by somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) has been envisioned as an ap

Read More

Abstract Human collective behavior can vary from calm to panicked depending on social context. Using videos publicly available online, we study the hi

Read More

Abstract PurposeTo determine the contents of chicken nuggets from 2 national food chains. 目的 确定从2个全国食品连锁店获得的鸡块的内容。 BackgroundChicken nuggets have b

Read More

Abstract 论文摘要 Background Among adults, skipping meals is associated with excess body weight, hypertension, insulin resistance, and elevated fasting

Read More

AbstractTo the authors' knowledge, the role of restaurant menus as a vehicle for pathogens has not been explored. Menus, however, can pose as a vector

Read More

Maarten A. S. Boksem, PhDAbstractAlthough much progress has been made in relating brain activations to choice behaviour, evidence that neural measures

Read More