唧唧堂编辑二朵2013-12-26 11:52 PM

How Copyright Makes Books and Music Disappear (and How Secondary Liability Rules Help Resurrect Old Songs) 版权如何使书和音乐消失(以及间接侵权责任法规如何让老歌复活)

Abstract A random sample of new books for sale on Amazon.com shows more books for sale from the 1880’s than the 1980’s. Why? This paper presents new data on how copyright seems to make works disappear. First, a random sample of 2300 new books for sale on Amazon.com is analyzed along with a random sample of 2000 songs available on new DVD’s. Copyright status correlates highly with absence from the Amazon shelf. Together with publishing business models, copyright law seems to stifle distribution and access. Second, the availability on YouTube of songs that reached number one on the U.S., French, and Brazilian pop charts from 1930-60 is analyzed in terms of the identity of the uploader, type of upload, number of views, date of upload, and monetization status. An analysis of the data demonstrates that the DMCA safe harbor system as applied to YouTube helps maintain some level of access to old songs by allowing those possessing copies (primarily infringers) to communicate relatively costlessly with copyright owners to satisfy the market of potential listeners. 论文摘要 从亚马逊网站随机抽取的新书样本的售况表明1880年代新书售卖量乐观于1980年代的新书售况。为什么?本研究为版权如何导致著作消失的问题提供了新数据。首先我们从亚马逊网站随机抽取分析了2300本在售新书和新出DVD中包含的2000首歌曲。版权状况与著作在亚马逊网站下架与否显示出显著关联性。版权法则再加上版权商业模式的双重限制扼杀了著作的发布和访问性。其次我们从上传者身份,上传类型,点击率,上传日期和盈利情况等方面对YouTube上可搜索到的那些在1930年代至1960年代间美国,法国,巴西等国流行音乐榜的榜首歌曲进行了分析。所作数据显示,应用于YouTube上的DMCA安全港制度允许那些拥有版权副本者(主要是侵权者)相对无成本地与版权所有者沟通,这有助于维护老歌一定程度上的访问性以满足潜在听众的市场。

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