唧唧堂编辑二朵2013-12-27 10:56 PM

The Morning Morality Effect:The Influence of Time of Day on Unethical Behavior 早晨道德影响:一天的时间对不道德行为的影响

Abstract
Are people more moral in the morning than in the afternoon? We propose that the normal, unremarkable experiences associated with everyday living can deplete one’s capacity to resist moral temptations. In a series of four experiments, both undergraduate students and a sample of U.S. adults engaged in less unethical behavior (e.g., less lying and cheating) on tasks performed in the morning than on the same tasks performed in the afternoon. This morning morality effect was mediated by decreases in moral awareness and self-control in the afternoon. Furthermore, the effect of time of day on unethical behavior was found to be stronger for people with a lower propensity to morally disengage. These findings highlight a simple yet pervasive factor (i.e., the time of day) that has important implications for moral behavior. 论文摘要 人们在上午比下午具有更多的道德感吗?我们认为日常生活中正常琐碎的经历能消耗一个人道德上抵抗诱惑的能力。在一系列四个试验中,本科生和一名美国成年人样本执行相同任务时在上午比下午表现出更少的不道德行为(比如更少撒谎和欺骗)。这种上午道德效应被道德意识和自我控制能力在下午的减弱而中和了。此外,我们发现不同时间点对不道德行为造成的影响在那些对道德背离具有较低倾向的人身上表现更显著。这些发现强调一个简单而普遍的因素(比如时间点的不同)能对道德行为起重要影响。

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