唧唧堂编辑二朵2013-12-29 5:45 AM

False Memories of Fabricated Political Events 对虚假政治事件的错误记忆

Abstract: In the largest false memory study to date, 5,269 participants were asked about their memories for three true and one of five fabricated political events. Each fabricated event was accompanied by a photographic image purportedly depicting that event. Approximately half the participants falsely remembered that the false event happened, with 27% remembering that they saw the events happen on the news. Political orientation appeared to influence the formation of false memories, with conservatives more likely to falsely remember seeing Barack Obama shaking hands with the president of Iran, and liberals more likely to remember George W. Bush vacationing with a baseball celebrity during the Hurricane Katrina disaster. A follow-up study supported the explanation that events are more easily implanted in memory when they are congruent with a person's preexisting attitudes and evaluations, in part because attitude-congruent false events promote feelings of recognition and familiarity, which in turn interfere with source attributions. 论文摘要 在迄今最大规模的虚假记忆研究实验中,5,269名参与者被问及他们对三个真实事件以及五个虚假政治事件其中之一事件的记忆。每个捏造事件都被配上了一幅据称是描绘了该事件的摄影照片。大约有一半的参与者错误地记得这个虚假事件曾经真实发生过,其中的27 %甚至表示他们正好在新闻中看过该事件报道。政治倾向似乎能影响虚假记忆的形成,比如保守党派更有可能错误地记得(曾经在新闻中)看到奥巴马与伊朗总统握手,而自由党派更可能错误记得乔治· W·布什在卡特里娜飓风灾难时正和棒球名人度假。后续研究赞同以下对这种现象的解释,即当事件与一个人的预期态度和评价符合时该虚假事件更容易被植入记忆中,部分原因是因为符合态度的虚假事件更能让认产生认同和熟悉的感觉,这反过来又能干扰来源的属性特征。

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