PNAS2013-12-26 10:30 PM

Marital satisfaction and break-ups differ across on-line and off-line meeting venues 对比网上相遇和现实相遇的伴侣哪一类对婚姻满意度更高婚姻破裂比例更小

Abstract
Marital discord is costly to children, families, and communities. The advent of the Internet, social networking, and on-line dating has affected how people meet future spouses, but little is known about the prevalence or outcomes of these marriages or the demographics of those involved. We addressed these questions in a nationally representative sample of 19,131 respondents who married between 2005 and 2012. Results indicate that more than one-third of marriages in America now begin on-line. In addition, marriages that began on-line, when compared with those that began through traditional off-line venues, were slightly less likely to result in a marital break-up (separation or divorce) and were associated with slightly higher marital satisfaction among those respondents who remained married. Demographic differences were identified between respondents who met their spouse through on-line vs. traditional off-line venues, but the findings for marital break-up and marital satisfaction remained significant after statistically controlling for these differences. These data suggest that the Internet may be altering the dynamics and outcomes of marriage itself. 摘要翻译 婚姻不和的后果会使子女,家庭和社区都付出了高昂的代价。互联网,社交网络和在线约会渠道的出现已经影响到人们寻找未来配偶的方式,但我们对于这些婚姻本身的流行和后果以及对这些已婚当事者人口统计学的研究还所知甚少。我们选取了19131个在2005-2012年间结婚且具有全国范围代表性的典型样本受测者来解决这些问题。结果显示,现在美国国内超过三分之一的婚姻开始通过网络渠道促成。此外,与通过传统线下渠道形成的婚姻相比,那些通过网络渠道促成的婚姻会更少导致婚姻破裂(分居或离婚),并根据那些仍已婚受测者的反映来看,通过网络渠道结成的已婚者表现出了对婚姻本身更高的满意度。那些通过网络和线下渠道结成伴侣的不同受测者表现出了人口统计方面的差异,然而在我们对这些差异进行统计控制后,所得的有关婚姻破裂和婚姻和谐的调查结果仍然表现出了显著的差异。这些数据表明,网络本身可能正在改变婚姻的动态发展和结果。

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