唧唧堂编辑二朵2014-02-24 5:10 PM

职业车手的吸引力和表现间的关系A relationship between attractiveness and performance in professional cyclists 

论文摘要 
女性往往倾向于选择高品质男性,而评估质量的其中一个方面是体能表现。虽然对优质体能男性的选择倾向可据此提前预测,但吸引力和表现之间的关系极少被量化。在此我测试了这种关系并调查了是否参与2012年环法自行车赛中的精英职业车手的(耐力)表现变化与面部魅力的变化相关。结果表明赛事表现较好的选手更具吸引力,且这种喜爱偏好在不使用激素避孕的女性受测者中反映最强烈。我因此表明,根据这一已预选但相对均匀的男性样本,面部吸引力代表着耐力表现。受表现调节的吸引力和交配成功之间具有的关联性表明,在人类进化史中,耐力表现一直受到性选择支配。 

Abstract 
Females often prefer to mate with high quality males, and one aspect of quality is physical performance. Although a preference for physically fitter males is therefore predicted, the relationship between attractiveness and performance has rarely been quantified. Here, I test for such a relationship in humans and ask whether variation in (endurance) performance is associated with variation in facial attractiveness within elite professional cyclists that finished the 2012 Tour de France. I show that riders that performed better were more attractive, and that this preference was strongest in women not using a hormonal contraceptive. Thereby, I show that, within this preselected but relatively homogeneous sample of the male population, facial attractiveness signals endurance performance. Provided that there is a relationship between performance-mediated attractiveness and reproductive success, this suggests that human endurance capacity has been subject to sexual selection in our evolutionary past. 

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唧唧堂编辑二朵

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