房地产开发（RED）是一个动态的业务，它涉及多方且持续时间长，具有相同甚至有时相互冲突的目标。在RED项目中，随着大量的资本预算，时间管理成为了决定成败的一个主要因素。近年来，模块化施工方法（ MCM ）已被成功地用于加快 住宅和商业RED项目建设。 然而，MCM需要许多早期参与RED进程设计和工程阶段的合作方更高程度的参与。本文探讨了MCM RED项目中所含任务之间相互依存的关系。通过使用设计结构矩阵（ DSM）分析，我们已经确定了 反映了本身需要它的任务返工以及因预料外问题发生的反馈回路的开发进程中计划内和计划外的更迭。在将DSM应用在典型大型住宅RED项目的过程中，我们既创建了规范进程的模型和改善的单采用解决方案来避免原工艺中导致不必要失败的意外更迭。通过这样做，我们 从可以帮助提升传统RED进程的MCM进程中确定了最佳实践。
Real estate development (RED) is a dynamic business with long-duration projects involving multiple parties with both common and sometimes conflicting goals. With large capital budgets in RED projects, time management is a primary factor determining success or failure. In recent years, Modular Construction Methods (MCM) have been successfully used to accelerate the construction of both residential and commercial RED projects. However, MCM requires higher levels of involvement from many parties earlier in the design and engineering stages of the RED process. This paper explores the interdependent relationships among the tasks involved in MCM RED projects. Using Design Structure Matrix (DSM) analysis, we have identified the planned and unplanned iterations in the development process which reflect rework of tasks that inherently require it and feedback loops that occur because of unanticipated problems. In our application of DSM to a typical large residential RED project, we have created both a normative process model and an improved one employing solutions to avoid the unplanned iterations in the original process which would result in costly setbacks. In doing so, we have identified best practices from MCM processes that can help enhance traditional RED processes.