Amy J.C. Cuddy2014-02-26 4:06 PM

Warmth and Competence As Universal Dimensions of Social Perception: The Stereotype Content Model and the BIAS Map

Abstract 


The stereotype content model (SCM) defines two fundamental dimensions of social perception, warmth and competence, predicted respectively by perceived competition and status. Combinations of warmth and competence generate distinct emotions of admiration, contempt, envy, and pity. From these intergroup emotions and stereotypes, the behavior from intergroup affect and stereotypes (BIAS) map predicts distinct behaviors: active and passive, facilitative and harmful. After defining warmth/communion and competence/agency, the chapter integrates converging work documenting the centrality of these dimensions in interpersonal as well as intergroup perception. Structural origins of warmth and competence perceptions result from competitors judged as not warm, and allies judged as warm; high status confers competence and low status incompetence. Warmth and competence judgments support systematic patterns of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral reactions, including ambivalent prejudices. Past views of prejudice as a univalent antipathy have obscured the unique responses toward groups stereotyped as competent but not warm or warm but not competent. Finally, the chapter addresses unresolved issues and future research directions.


KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Amy J.C. Cuddy

0 Following 6 Fans 0 Projects 18 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

论文摘要 人类及其他动物都通过开放扩张的姿势来表现权力感,而封闭内缩姿势则体现了他们的无力感。但这些姿势真有实际造势的作用吗?这项研究结果验证了我们的预测,即相较于非语言性弱势姿态展现来说,非语言性强势姿态的展现可能导致男性和女性参加者神经内分泌和行为的变化:展现强势感的参与者表现出了睾酮激升,皮质醇

Read More

AbstractStereotype research emphasizes systematic processes over seemingly arbitrary contents, but content also may prove systematic. On the basis of

Read More

AbstractIncome inequality undermines societies: the more inequality, the more health problems, social tensions, and the lower social mobility, trust,

Read More

AbstractThree experiments test whether the threat of appearing racist leads White participants to perform worse on the race Implicit Association Test

Read More

AbstractWorking moms risk being reduced to one of two subtypes: homemakers—viewed as warm but incompetent, or female professionals—characterized as

Read More

Abstract Americans stereotype elderly people as warm and incompetent, following from perceptions of them as noncompetitive and low status, respective

Read More

Abstract In the present research, consisting of 2 correlational studies (N = 616) including a representative U.S. sample and 2 experiments (N = 350),

Read More

Abstract This research examines inferences about the emotional states of ingroup and outgroup victims after a natural disaster, and whether these in

Read More

Abstract  Like all perception, social perception reflects evolutionary pressures. In encounters with conspecifics, social animals must determine, i

Read More