Amy J.C. Cuddy2014-02-26 4:30 PM

性别歧视:跨种族婚姻,领导人选择以及运动参与的意义。 Gendered Races: Implications for Interracial Marriage, Leadership Selection, and Athletic Participation.

论文摘要


我们在六个研究中探讨了种族和性别典型形象之间的交叠,以及这种交叠在跨族约会,领导选举和运动竞赛带来的后果。两个最初的研究,利用显式和隐式的方法,获得了不同种族群体典型印象的内容:相较于白人的典型印象,亚洲人典型印象被认为更阴柔,而黑人的典型印象则更阳刚。第三项研究发现,对阳刚气质的偏爱使得白人受测者更关注黑人而非具有阴柔气质的亚洲人。2000年的美国人口调查分析在异族通婚中也发现了同样模式。在第五项研究中我们发现,相对于白人来说,黑人比亚洲人更可能在男性化领导职位竞争中受到青睐。第六项研究分析了NCAA学生运动员的种族报告,并且发现黑人比亚洲人更可能被选拔参加男性化运动而非女性化运动。这些研究表明种族和性别固有印象之间的关联产生重要的现实后果。 



Abstract


Six studies explored the overlap between racial and gender stereotypes and the consequences of this overlap for interracial dating, leadership selection, and athletic participation. Two initial studies, utilizing explicit and implicit measures, captured the stereotype content of different racial groups: the Asian stereotype was seen as more feminine whereas the Black stereotype more masculine compared to the White stereotype. Study 3 found that preferences for masculinity versus femininity mediated White participants' attraction to Blacks relative to Asians. Analysis of the 2000 United States Census replicated this pattern with interracial marriages. In Study 5, Blacks were more likely and Asians less likely to be selected for a masculine leadership position compared to Whites. Study 6 analyzed the NCAA Student-Athlete Ethnicity Report and found Blacks were more heavily represented in masculine versus feminine sports relative to Asians. These studies demonstrate that the association between racial and gender stereotypes has important real-world consequences.

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Amy J.C. Cuddy

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