Kal Raustiala 2014-03-07 5:08 PM

制度繁衍与国际法律秩序 Institutional Proliferation and the International Legal Order

论文摘要
自从二次世界大战灾难以来,国际秩序已经变得越来越制度化。数以百计的国际组织和数以万计的条约现存于世,且许多其中组织所拥有的成员分布广泛甚至遍布全球。较之过去时代,当今国际体系的规则和制度更为完善缜密。下一段落探索了机构密度,冲突和竞争,这种密度不可避免地会导致产生国家无政府体系以及国际律师和政治学家以不同方式来解决这些问题。高密度的国际秩序究竟算是重大问题,还是良好发展,抑或在很大程度上只是表面现象而已?密集化是因日渐增强的相互依存或权衡策略而产生的意外产物吗?密集化如何产生不同—这种差异是通过分配区域,还是因时间推移,抑或因跨区域而产生?这些问题代表了有关体制密度方面文献萌生初期或发展阶段时期思想的重要线索。第一部分(“体制密集的崛起”)着眼于体制密集的经验研究。第二部分(“密集化:两种光学”)探索了法律和政治科学中的新兴学术。第三部分(“有关密集化的争议”)探讨了这一新兴研究领域核心方面的一些基本问题。最后以第四部分收尾。 

Abstract
Since the cataclysm of World War II, the international order has grown increasingly institutionalized. Hundreds of international organizations and tens of thousands of treaties now exist, many with widespread – and in some cases nearly universal – membership. Compared to earlier eras, the international system today is far more densely populated by rules and institutions.
This forthcoming chapter explores institutional density, the conflict and competition such density inevitably creates in an anarchical system of states, and the different ways international lawyers and political scientists address these issues. Is a dense international order a significant problem, a welcome development, or a largely superficial phenomenon? Is density an inadvertent outgrowth of intensifying interdependence, or a deliberate strategy? How does density vary – by issue area, over time, and across regions? These questions represent important lines of thinking that are either under way or incipient in the growing literature on institutional density. 
Part I (“The Rise of Institutional Density”) looks at the empirics of institutional density. Part II (“Density: Two Optics”) surveys the emerging scholarship in law and political science. Part III (“The Debate Over Density”) explores some fundamental questions at the heart of this emerging research field. Part IV concludes.

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Kal Raustiala

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论文摘要自从二次世界大战灾难以来,国际秩序已经变得越来越制度化。数以百计的国际组织和数以万计的条约现存于世,且许多其中组织所拥有的成员分布广泛甚至遍布全球。较之过去时代,当今国际体系的规则和制度更为完善缜密。下一段落探索了机构密度,冲突和竞争,这种密度不可避免地会导致产生国家无政府体系以及国际律师和政

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