Michael VanRooyen 2014-04-08 5:46 PM

环球项目:有关人道主义援助权利本位方法的续阶计划 The sphere project: next steps in moving toward a rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance

论文摘要

环球项目自1997年启动以来一直寻求将人权规范原则与对技术标准的坚持相整合。当环球指南已经同时作为阐明人权的领域工具和资源而进行演变,它还不能为人道主义援助完全提供权利本位的方法。在当前版本的指南中,其人道主义宪章断言并申明了人权原则,但遵循的技术最低标准部分还没有真正体现权利本位的方法;也就是说,它没有说明如何在领域中特别是有关卫生部门领域中实施人权。使用人权文献,环球文献和在人道主义实践和人权领域已发表的现有文献,这篇文章提供了关键解说并建议如何加强权利和标准之间以及言论和行动之间的联系,这可使作为该领域技术标准指南的环球计划超越其目前适用性来实现有关人道主义援助基于权利的有效方法。


Abstract 

Since the Sphere Project was launched in 1997, it has sought to integrate principles of human rights norms with adherence to technical standards. While the Sphere Handbook has evolved as both a field tool and a resource for articulating human rights, it does not fully offer a rights-based approach to humanitarian assistance. In the handbook's current edition, its Humanitarian Charter asserts and affirms human rights principles, but the technical Minimum Standards Section that follows has yet to truly embody a rights-based approach; that is, it does not clarify how to operationalize human rights in the field, particularly with respect to the health sector. Using human rights documents, the Sphere documents, and existing, published literature in the field of humanitarian practice and human rights, this article provides critical commentary and suggests how strengthening the link between rights and standards, as well as rhetoric and action, can advance the Sphere Project beyond its current applicability as a handbook of technical standards in the field to operationalizing an effective rights-based approach to humanitarian aid. 

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Michael VanRooyen

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