Michael VanRooyen 2014-04-10 2:52 PM

刚果民主共和国南Kivu省的军事化性暴力 Militarized sexual violence in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo.

Abstract
Eastern DRC has been the site of a protracted conflict in which sexual violence has been a defining feature. The method used was a retrospective registry-based study of sexual violence survivors presenting to Panzi Hospital between 2004 and 2008. This analysis aimed to describe the patterns of sexual violence described by survivors and to analyze perpetrator profiles. As regards results, a total of 4,311 records were analyzed. Perpetrators in this data set were identified as follows: 
(a) 6% were civilians; 
(b) 52% were armed combatants; and
 (c) 42% were simply identified as "assailant(s)" with no further identifying information. 
Those identified simply as "assailants" perpetrated patterns of sexual violence that were similar to those of armed combatants, suggesting that this group included a large number of armed combatants. Civilian assailants perpetrated a pattern of sexual violence that was distinct from armed combatants. Conclusions are as follows: These data suggest that a high proportion of sexual assaults in South Kivu are perpetrated by armed combatants. Protection of women in South Kivu will require new strategies that take into account the unique nature of sexual violence in DRC. Engaging with local communities, the UN and other aid organizations is necessary to create new context-appropriate protection programs.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Michael VanRooyen

0 Following 0 Fans 0 Projects 15 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

论文摘要大地震位列最具破坏性的自然灾害之中。对这些灾害来说,与地震相关伤害和死亡率有关的流行病学非常独特。由于地震经常影响较差结构标准的人口稠密的城市地区,他们往往导致外伤性高死亡率和大规模伤亡。这些伤害是高度机械性损伤且往往是多系统的,在当地方和区域医疗应对能力至少已被部分破坏时需要强化治疗的医疗和

Read More

论文摘要世界正在迅速城市化,一半以上的世界人口目前都居住在城市地区。随着城市人口增长的同时,条件贫瘠的贫民窟人数比例也随之攀升。这些条件会集中对健康造成危害,这导致了高发病率和死亡率。这个日益严重的问题给政策制定者和公共卫生从业人员创造了独特挑战。虽然千年发展目标(MDGs)目标于解决这些 水和卫生设

Read More

论文摘要环球项目自1997年启动以来一直寻求将人权规范原则与对技术标准的坚持相整合。当环球指南已经同时作为阐明人权的领域工具和资源而进行演变,它还不能为人道主义援助完全提供权利本位的方法。在当前版本的指南中,其人道主义宪章断言并申明了人权原则,但遵循的技术最低标准部分还没有真正体现权利本位的方法;也就

Read More

论文摘要随着人类文明面临着新兴和挑战性人道主义危机,HA领域的EPs介入显得非常必要和及时。正如哈佛大学EP Jennifer Leaning所说,“应对这些危机的医疗和公共卫生人员进入了一个危险复杂领域。虽然没有在此领域的指引图,但良好可能性偏爱那些有备之人。”因此,经过基于公共卫生和经验原则的适当

Read More

AbstractOBJECTIVES:One of the most striking features of the ongoing conflict in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is the use of sexual violence. I

Read More

AbstractEastern DRC has been the site of a protracted conflict in which sexual violence has been a defining feature. The method used was a retrospectiv

Read More

AbstractBACKGROUND:The conflict in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is the deadliest since World War II. Over a decade of fighting amongs

Read More

AbstractINTRODUCTION:For more than a decade, conflict in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been claiming lives. Within that conflict,

Read More

AbstractThe conflict in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has been particularly devastating for children and has been typified by high lev

Read More