唧唧堂编辑二朵2014-04-15 6:04 PM

幼儿园大班看图讲述活动现状调查 ——以杭州西湖区幼儿园为例 A Research Study on the "Talking about Pictures" Activity in Senior Kindergarten Classes -- ASpecific Case Study of Hangzhou West Lake Kindergartens

论文摘要


当前,对于看图讲述活动存在三方面的误区:(1)活动形式单一;(2)活动目标片面;(3)将讲述活动等同于谈话活动。为了了解看图讲述活动在现实中的发展情况,以及教师、幼儿、幼儿园三方面对看图讲述活动产生的影响,本文主要通过文献法和调查问卷法对杭州西湖区的8所幼儿园进行抽样调查与分析,结果发现:(1)教师在看图讲述活动的物质准备方面还存在着一定的问题,并且活动形式的选择有点倾向于简单化。(2)教师在看图讲述活动过程中所采用的教学方法,大部分都考虑了幼儿年龄特点,并且让幼儿成为活动的主体,减少了教师对活动的把控。(3)教师教龄、幼儿园物质条件和精神支持三方面与看图讲述活动开展之间,方差分析的Sig都小于0.05,说明这三方面都是幼儿园大班看图讲述活动开展的影响因素。本文据此通过文献的搜索与整理,总结出关于大班看图讲述活动开展的建议,希望对有所需要的教师提供理论借鉴。 

关键词:幼儿园大班;看图讲述活动;影响因素 


Abstract
 
Currently there are three misunderstandings that exist regarding the "Talking about Pictures" activity: (1) The simple pattern of the activity. (2) The lopsided target of the activity. (3) Equating the "Talking about Pictures" activity to another Talking Activity. In order to understand how "Talking about Pictures" is developed in the real world and to understand what influence it has in the respect of teachers, kids and kindergartens, this study sampled and analysed 8 kindergartens in Hangzhou West Lake district, using both documentary and investigation methodology.  The study found the following results: (1) Teachers lacked enough material preparation on the "Talking about Pictures" activity, thus the pattern of the activity tends to be simple. (2) Teachers choose teaching methods by considering features and characters of children and they let the children, rather than the teacher themselves, lead and be the core of the activity. (3) The Sig of the variance analysis amongst teacher's age, kindergarten material condition and emotional support are all less than 0.05, which means these three aspects are all influencing factors of "Talking about Pictures" in senior kindergarten classes. By searching and analysing documents this study will provide adequate and appropriate suggestions for the "Talking about Pictures" activity. I hope these suggestions could be theory guides for kindergarten teachers in the future.
 
Key words: Senior kindergarten class, "Talking about Pictures" activity, influence factor

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