唧唧堂编辑二朵2014-05-14 7:11 PM

[Geoforum][房地产]从喀拉拉邦到迪拜再到喀拉拉邦的回归:建设移民和全球经济危机 From Kerala to Dubai and back again: Construction migrants and the global economic crisis 

论文摘要

受建筑环境投资风险形式促成的危机,建筑工人尤其是工业中的受雇移民自2008年以来一直居全球范围失业的前列。我通过大卫·哈维资本二次回路理论,提供了有关施工失业率的文献。认为这些趋势反映了行业与建筑环境以及近几年起到吸收全球资本盈余关键作用的爆炸性债务驱动的城市化战略的内在联系。我通过 有关来自印度南部喀拉拉邦的移民建筑工人群体于2009年在迪拜失业的危机经验的案例研究来诠释这一全球观点。基于酋长国建筑业崩溃下的回巢移民的访谈,我探讨了在危机中加剧了这些工人经济动荡的某些横切喀拉拉邦-迪拜建筑劳务市场的特定地点的联系。这些措施包括移民所承受的繁重移民债务,就业动荡和在迪拜建筑交易中被剥削的特征,以及迪拜建筑市场在2008年海湾地区金融资本撤退时的特别脆弱性。工人的帐户提供了定义迪拜当代建设工作中的不均衡和跨本地的几何结构风险的见解。更广泛地说,它们提供了在动荡生产地区巩固资本二次回路关键的看法。

Abstract 

As a crisis that was precipitated in part by risky forms of investment in the built environment, construction workers, and particularly migrants employed in the industry have been at the forefront of job-losses worldwide since 2008. I offer a reading of construction unemployment through David Harvey’s theorisation of the secondary circuit of capital, arguing that these trends reflect the industry’s immanent connections to the built environment and to volatile, debt-fuelled urbanisation strategies which have played a crucial role in absorbing global capital surpluses in recent years. I ground this international perspective through a case study on the crisis experiences of a group of migrant construction workers from the south Indian state of Kerala who lost their jobs in Dubai in 2009. Based on interviews with migrants who returned home following the collapse of the emirate’s construction sector, I explore how a number of place-specific relationships that transect the Kerala–Dubai construction labour market served to compound these workers’ economic insecurity following the crisis. These include the immense migration debts that migrants shouldered, the insecure and exploitative character of employment in Dubai’s building trades, and the particular vulnerability of Dubai’s construction markets to the retreat of finance capital from the Gulf region in 2008. Workers’ accounts offer insights into the uneven and trans-local geometries of risk that define contemporary construction work in Dubai. More broadly, they provide a key perspective on the precarious producer geographies that underpin the secondary circuit of capital. 

论文要点

我探讨了迪拜喀拉拉建设移民所受的危机影响。
建造对吸收剩余资本全球城市战略来说已经不可或缺。
基于债务的发展机制加剧了迪拜的危机影响。
移民债务和雇主虐待加剧了移民失业所受的影响。

Highlights 
I explore the impacts of the crisis on Keralite construction migrants in Dubai. Construction has been integral to global urban strategies to absorb surplus capital. 
A debt-based development regime worsened the effects of the crisis in Dubai. 
Migration debt and employer abuse compounded the effects of job loss on migrants. 

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