文献中很多有关国家和市场的讨论以二进制形式进行了讨论。我们对国家和市场进行了对比。然而国家起着加速中国市场化进程而非阻碍市场化的作用。国家扮演着市场建设者的角色。中国经验创造了制度创新前所未有的可能性。 该机构选择和结构变化代表了住房制度中不同行为者的角色转变，这改变了住房投资的模式。本文考察了不同行动者在塑造住房投资模式中 （状态，工作单位和家庭情况）的角色转变。
Much of the discussion on state and market in the literature is conducted in binary forms. State and market are contrasted with each other. However, far from impeding marketisation, the state plays the role of accelerating the marketisation process in China. State acts as the builder of market. The Chinese experience has created unprecedented possibilities for institutional innovation. The institutional choices and structural changes represent the changing roles of different actors in the housing system, which shift the patterns of housing investment. This paper examines the changing roles of the different actors (state, work units and households) in shaping the patterns of housing investment.