Nature2014-06-25 5:22 PM

电子质量以前所未有的精度得到确定 High-precision measurement of the atomic mass of the electron

论文摘要 


电子的原子质量是基础物理学的一个关键参数。精确确定电子的原子质量是一个挑战,因为这个质量非常低。Sven Sturm及同事报告了以原子单位对电子质量所做的一个新的确定结果。他们测定了与一个参照离子(碳-12的一个裸核)相结合的一个电子的磁矩。采用最新量子电动力学理论对所获结果加以分析,产生一个质量值,其精度超过当前文献值一个数量级以上。


Abstract 


The quest for the value of the electron’s atomic mass has been the subject of continuing efforts over the past few decades. Among the seemingly fundamental constants that parameterize the Standard Model of physics and which are thus responsible for its predictive power, the electron mass me is prominent, being responsible for the structure and properties of atoms and molecules. It is closely linked to other fundamental constants, such as the Rydberg constant R∞ and the fine-structure constant α (ref. 6). However, the low mass of the electron considerably complicates its precise determination. Here we combine a very precise measurement of the magnetic moment of a single electron bound to a carbon nucleus with a state-of-the-art calculation in the framework of bound-state quantum electrodynamics. The precision of the resulting value for the atomic mass of the electron surpasses the current literature value of the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA6) by a factor of 13. This result lays the foundation for future fundamental physics experiments and precision tests of the Standard Model.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Nature

Nature Magazine

0 Following 27 Fans 0 Projects 626 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

Meristems encompass stem/progenitor cells that sustain postembryonic growth of all plant organs. How meristems are activated and sustained by nutrient

Read More

Transcription of ribosomal RNA by RNA polymerase (Pol) I initiates ribosome biogenesis and regulates eukaryotic cell growth. The crystal structure of P

Read More

Abstract The effect of anthropogenic aerosols on cloud droplet concentrations and radiative properties is the source of one of the largest uncertainti

Read More

Abstract Ecological and societal disruptions by modern climate change are critically determined by the time frame over which climates shift beyond his

Read More

Abstract Evidence from Greenland ice cores shows that year-to-year temperature variability was probably higher in some past cold periods, but there is

Read More

Abstract The land and ocean act as a sink for fossil-fuel emissions, thereby slowing the rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations1. Although t

Read More

论文摘要 人们已经非常清楚生物多样性对初级生产力等生态系统功能有一个积极影响,但它对植物凋落物的多样性和分解植物凋落物的生物的多样性的影响却不是很清楚。Stephan H?ttenschwiler及同事对从亚北极到热带、包括水生生态系统和陆地生态系统在内的五个地点所进行的并行操纵实验中的凋落物多样性进

Read More

论文摘要 FANTOM5 (即“哺乳动物基因组-5的功能注解”) 是一个大型国际合作项目的第5大阶段,其目标是分析定义每个人类细胞类型的转录调控网络。本期Nature上的两篇Articles论文发表了该项目的一些最新结果。第一篇论文利用FANTOM5项目组的组织和原代细胞样本来定义整个人体中活性的、在

Read More

论文摘要 有证据表明,血管 (尤其是它们的内皮细胞) 控制器官的生长、平衡和再生。在本期Nature上发表的两篇论文中,Ralf Adams及同事证明,骨头血管含有专门支持骨成熟和再生的内皮细胞。Anjali Kusumbe等人在小鼠骨骼系统内识别出一个在介导骨生长中起关键作用的毛细血管亚型。这些血管

Read More

论文摘要 CD4 T细胞(携带能够识别被病毒感染的细胞表面上的CD4抗原的受体的辅助T细胞)的丧失是艾滋病发病的根源。在这项研究中,Warner Greene等人识别出静止的淋巴CD4 T细胞在HIV感染过程中被耗尽的机制。利用保持了天然淋巴环境的人淋巴组织的体外培养,本文作者发现,失败的病毒复制触发

Read More