Nature2014-06-26 2:11 PM

Notch信号通道在白血病中所起作用 Leukaemogenesis induced by an activating β-catenin mutation in osteoblasts

论文摘要 

肿瘤微环境对肿瘤发生有深远影响,而基质细胞的基因改变会帮助癌症形成。Stavroula Kousteni及同事在一个小鼠模型中发现,激发成骨细胞中的及-catenin发生突变,足以引发“急性髓性白血病”(AML)的发病。这些突变触发会激活造血细胞中的Notch信号通道的配体从成骨细胞中释放;Notch通道的抑制会改善病情。关于在骨髓增生病患者和AML患者中患-catenin信号作用增强的发现表明,一个类似的机制可能会促使人患白血病。

Abstract 

Cells of the osteoblast lineage affect the homing and the number of long-term repopulating haematopoietic stem cells, haematopoietic stem cell mobilization and lineage determination and B cell lymphopoiesis. Osteoblasts were recently implicated in pre-leukaemic conditions in mice. However, a single genetic change in osteoblasts that can induce leukaemogenesis has not been shown. Here we show that an activating mutation of β-catenin in mouse osteoblasts alters the differentiation potential of myeloid and lymphoid progenitors leading to development of acute myeloid leukaemia with common chromosomal aberrations and cell autonomous progression. Activated β-catenin stimulates expression of the Notch ligand jagged 1 in osteoblasts. Subsequent activation of Notch signalling in haematopoietic stem cell progenitors induces the malignant changes. Genetic or pharmacological inhibition of Notch signalling ameliorates acute myeloid leukaemia and demonstrates the pathogenic role of the Notch pathway. In 38% of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes or acute myeloid leukaemia, increased β-catenin signalling and nuclear accumulation was identified in osteoblasts and these patients showed increased Notch signalling in haematopoietic cells. These findings demonstrate that genetic alterations in osteoblasts can induce acute myeloid leukaemia, identify molecular signals leading to this transformation and suggest a potential novel pharmacotherapeutic approach to acute myeloid leukemia.

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Nature

Nature Magazine

0 Following 27 Fans 0 Projects 626 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

Meristems encompass stem/progenitor cells that sustain postembryonic growth of all plant organs. How meristems are activated and sustained by nutrient

Read More

Transcription of ribosomal RNA by RNA polymerase (Pol) I initiates ribosome biogenesis and regulates eukaryotic cell growth. The crystal structure of P

Read More

Abstract The effect of anthropogenic aerosols on cloud droplet concentrations and radiative properties is the source of one of the largest uncertainti

Read More

Abstract Ecological and societal disruptions by modern climate change are critically determined by the time frame over which climates shift beyond his

Read More

Abstract Evidence from Greenland ice cores shows that year-to-year temperature variability was probably higher in some past cold periods, but there is

Read More

Abstract The land and ocean act as a sink for fossil-fuel emissions, thereby slowing the rise of atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations1. Although t

Read More

论文摘要 人们已经非常清楚生物多样性对初级生产力等生态系统功能有一个积极影响,但它对植物凋落物的多样性和分解植物凋落物的生物的多样性的影响却不是很清楚。Stephan H?ttenschwiler及同事对从亚北极到热带、包括水生生态系统和陆地生态系统在内的五个地点所进行的并行操纵实验中的凋落物多样性进

Read More

论文摘要 FANTOM5 (即“哺乳动物基因组-5的功能注解”) 是一个大型国际合作项目的第5大阶段,其目标是分析定义每个人类细胞类型的转录调控网络。本期Nature上的两篇Articles论文发表了该项目的一些最新结果。第一篇论文利用FANTOM5项目组的组织和原代细胞样本来定义整个人体中活性的、在

Read More

论文摘要 有证据表明,血管 (尤其是它们的内皮细胞) 控制器官的生长、平衡和再生。在本期Nature上发表的两篇论文中,Ralf Adams及同事证明,骨头血管含有专门支持骨成熟和再生的内皮细胞。Anjali Kusumbe等人在小鼠骨骼系统内识别出一个在介导骨生长中起关键作用的毛细血管亚型。这些血管

Read More

论文摘要 CD4 T细胞(携带能够识别被病毒感染的细胞表面上的CD4抗原的受体的辅助T细胞)的丧失是艾滋病发病的根源。在这项研究中,Warner Greene等人识别出静止的淋巴CD4 T细胞在HIV感染过程中被耗尽的机制。利用保持了天然淋巴环境的人淋巴组织的体外培养,本文作者发现,失败的病毒复制触发

Read More