Washington U in St. Louis2014-07-10 1:05 PM

Individuals with episodic amnesia are not stuck in time

Highlights

•Individuals with severe episodic amnesia, e.g., KC, retain many kinds of temporal consciousness.
•KC and others with episodic amnesia grasp the order and flow of time and can locate their lives in time.
•KC and other amnesic individuals disavow hedonistic and fatalistic attitudes about time.
•Amnesic individuals discount the future like controls, and KC arguably anticipates regret.
•Individuals with episodic amnesia are not stuck in time.

Abstract

The metaphor that individuals with episodic amnesia due to hippocampal damage are “stuck in time” persists in science, philosophy, and everyday life despite mounting evidence that episodic amnesia can spare many central aspects of temporal consciousness. Here we describe some of this evidence, focusing specifically on KC, one of the most thoroughly documented and severe cases of episodic amnesia on record. KC understands the concept of time, knows that it passes, and can orient himself with respect to his personal past and future. He expresses typical attitudes toward his past and future, and he is able to make future-regarding decisions. Theories claiming that the hippocampus plays an essential role in temporal consciousness need to be revised in light of these findings.

Full Article:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393214000797

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Washington U in St. Louis

0 Following 0 Fans 0 Projects 9 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

AbstractNon-sedentary work configurations, which encourage standing rather than sitting in the course of work, are becoming increasingly prevalent in o

Read More

SignificanceThe assessment of the paleobiology and morphological affinities of the Neandertals and other Late Pleistocene archaic humans is central to

Read More

Highlights•Individuals with severe episodic amnesia, e.g., KC, retain many kinds of temporal consciousness.•KC and others with episodic amnesia grasp t

Read More

AbstractImportance  Although autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is known to be heritable, patterns of inheritance of subclinical autistic traits in nonclin

Read More

AbstractThe parallel evolution of increased sensorimotor intelligence in humans and capuchins has been linked to the cognitive and manual demands of se

Read More

AbstractA current controversy is whether patients with sepsis progress to an immunosuppressed state. We hypothesized that reactivation of latent viruse

Read More

AbstractThe Federal Reserve injected unprecedented liquidity into banks during the crisis using the discount window and Term Auction Facility. We exami

Read More

Therapeutic food interventions have reduced mortality in children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), but incomplete restoration of healthy growth re

Read More

Highlights•Structure of Ebola virus VP24 bound to the C terminus of karyopherin alpha 5 (KPNA5)•VP24 binds a unique nonclassical NLS binding site in KP

Read More