最后两段，方法论，其实apply to 所有学科。
In parallel, though, a common point arises among the best paper winners, which reflects a common core to our discipline. This common core has four key elements. First, each of the papers begins with a novel, precise, and relevant question about the nature of strategy – whether involving individuals, organizations, and/or competitive and social environments. Second, each of the papers then develops a nuanced and deep argument about possible answers to the central question. Third, each of the papers then assesses the baseline logic carefully to generate and test answers, sometimes through statistical analysis, sometimes different forms of modelling, sometimes through logical judgment. Fourth, each of the papers thinks carefully about the boundary conditions to the generality and limits of the answers. This set of four elements – from question, through logic and answers, to boundaries -- reflects the core philosophy of our discipline.
In our view, the first and last steps of this sequence – questions and boundaries -- are particularly important. The best paper prize winners ask important questions that push the boundaries of the field and open doors to new territories. They then seek to assess both the generalizations of where they have pushed the boundaries and the limits beyond which further research needs to explore. We hope that creating the opportunity for scholars to delve into these papers – whether for the first time or as opportunities to seek new insights from work we have read in the past – we will encourage new research within the scope of each paper. Even more, we hope that we will encourage scholars to embrace the philosophy that links this wonderful body of work – that asking important questions is the critical starting point in our field and, in turn, that the process of deriving reliable answers to the questions is partly about completing paths of research but much more about articulating insights that expand our horizons and stimulate other important questions.