University of Washington2014-07-15 7:02 PM

Spicing up the military: Use and effects of synthetic cannabis in substance abusing army personnel

Abstract


Synthetic cannabis (SC) use has been increasing within the United States. Due to difficulties with its detection through standard testing, it may be an attractive substance of abuse for military personnel. However, few studies have examined the consequences of its use in this population, including evidence for its potential for abuse and dependence. Participants included 368 active-duty Army personnel who expressed interest in participating in a “check-up” around their alcohol or substance use, of whom 294 (80%) met DSM-IV criteria for substance abuse or dependence (including alcohol, illicit drugs, and prescription medications) and were not engaged in substance abuse treatment. Forty-one participants (11%) reported using SC in the last 90 days. Of those, 27 listed SC as their drug of choice. There were no significant differences in race, ethnicity, deployment history, or religion between SC users and others. Users of SC were generally younger and had less education and income than those who used only alcohol. Among SC users, 12% met criteria for drug abuse and 68% for dependence. Participants perceived SC use to be significantly more prevalent among military personnel than among civilians. Results suggest that SC is prevalent among substance-using soldiers and that DSM-IV criteria for abuse and dependence apply to SC. In addition, results highlight the importance of assessing and treating SC use among active-duty military personnel.


Full Article:

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306460314000562

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

University of Washington

0 Following 0 Fans 0 Projects 7 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

AbstractPollinators use their sense of smell to locate flowers from long distances, but little is known about how they are able to discriminate their t

Read More

AbstractThis paper presents the prototype of an intraocular pressure sensor as a major step toward building a device that can be permanently implanted

Read More

AbstractWe measured the spatial pattern of particle number (PN) concentrations downwind from the Los Angeles International Airport (LAX) with an instru

Read More

AbstractReproductive division of labor is a hallmark of multicellular organisms. However, the evolutionary pressures that give rise to delineated germ

Read More

AbstractSynthetic cannabis (SC) use has been increasing within the United States. Due to difficulties with its detection through standard testing, it m

Read More

AbstractResting atop a deep marine basin, the West Antarctic Ice Sheet has long been considered prone to instability. Using a numerical model, we inves

Read More

SummaryBackgroundRemarkable financial and political efforts have been focused on the reduction of child mortality during the past few decades. Timely m

Read More