Journal of Applied Psychology2014-09-16 3:40 PM

Short-term and long-term within-person variability in performance: An integrative model

Abstract

Previous research on within-person variability in performance has largely examined short-term fluctuations and long-term changes in performance separately. The present study proposes a model—based on the cognitive-affective personality system meta-theory (Mischel & Shoda, 1995)—that integrates short-term and long-term performance variability within the 1 framework. Key propositions of the model include that short-term performance fluctuations are contingent on variability in situational cues and that situational cue–performance contingencies change over time. To test the propositions, performance data for 393 professional male tennis players were analyzed using hierarchical linear modeling. The results showed that 2 types of situational cues—resource allocation cues and task complexity—interact in complex ways to account for short-term performance variability. Moreover, as predicted, the contingency of performance on the situational cues changed over time, highlighting the importance of an integrated approach to short-term and long-term performance variability. The implications of these findings are discussed for studies of performance at work and practical applications that managers can employ to increase work performance. Furthermore, parallels are drawn with previous studies from the broader literature on dynamic job performance.


Full Article

http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/apl/99/5/898/ 

KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

Journal of Applied Psychology

The Journal of Applied Psychology® emphasizes the publication of original investigations that contribute new knowledge and understanding to fields of applied psychology.

0 Following 16 Fans 0 Projects 14 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

AbstractSocial network research emphasizes the access to nonredundant knowledge content that network ties provide. I suggest that some content is more

Read More

AbstractIntegrating leader–member exchange (LMX) research with role engagement theory (Kahn, 1990) and role system theory (Katz & Kahn, 1978), we propo

Read More

AbstractUsing an expanded person–environment fit (P-E fit) model, we conducted 2 studies to test the combined effects of 2 individual difference factor

Read More

AbstractIn this study, we examined how the dynamics of shared leadership are related to group performance. We propose that, over time, the expansion of

Read More

AbstractThis article introduces process shifts to study the temporal interplay among transition and action processes espoused in the recurring phase mo

Read More

Abstract In this study, we investigated whether team-level knowledge sharing moderates the effects of individual-level expertise dissimilarity on indi

Read More

AbstractTo respond to the challenge of how organizations can develop leaders who can think strategically, we investigate the relation of leaders’ globa

Read More

AbstractIn this article, we examine the relationships between supervisor-level factors and abusive supervision. Drawing from social learning theory (Ba

Read More

AbstractPrevious research on within-person variability in performance has largely examined short-term fluctuations and long-term changes in performance

Read More

AbstractPrevious proactivity research has predominantly assumed that proactive personality generates positive environmental changes in the workplace. G

Read More