JPSP2014-11-07 11:18 PM

So What If the Clock Strikes? Scheduling Style, Control, and Well-Being

Abstract

Individuals vary in the way they schedule their daily tasks and activities. In particular, two scheduling styles are commonly followed: clock-time (where tasks are organized based on a clock) and event-time (where tasks are organized based on their order of completion). This research shows that adopting a clock-time or an event-time scheduling style has consequences that go beyond the direct effect on task organization. In particular, adopting one scheduling style versus the other is shown to potentially influence personal control and well-being. We demonstrate that the reliance on clock- versus event-time affects individuals’ perception of the causal relationship between events in the social world (experiments 1 and 2). Specifically, we show that individuals following clock-time rather than event-time discriminate less between causally related and causally unrelated events, which in turn increases their belief that the world is controlled by chance or fate. In contrast, individuals following event-time (vs. clock-time) appear to believe that things happen more as a result of their own actions. We further show that this difference in internal locus of control compromises the ability of individuals following clock-time to savor positive emotions (experiments 3a-5). We discuss the implications of these findings for future research in social and cognitive psychology.

Full Article


KEYWORDS

SHARE & LIKE

COMMENTS

ABOUT THE AUTHOR

JPSP

0 Following 3 Fans 0 Projects 4 Articles

SIMILAR ARTICLES

Daniel Sullivan, Isaac F. Young, Mark J. Landau, Sheridan A. StewartAbstractSocial scientists have studied human behavior from the dramaturgical perspe

Read More

AbstractThis research established collective nostalgia as a group-level emotion and ascertained the benefits it confers on the group. In Study 1, parti

Read More

AbstractIndividuals vary in the way they schedule their daily tasks and activities. In particular, two scheduling styles are commonly followed: clock-t

Read More

AbstractThere is often a curious distinction between what the scientific community and the general population believe to be true of dire scientific iss

Read More