Journal of Abnormal Psychology2014-12-23 6:38 PM

Morning employees are perceived as better employees: Employees’ start times influence supervisor performance ratings.


Yam, Kai Chi; Fehr, Ryan; Barnes, Christopher M.

Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol 99(6), Nov 2014, 1288-1299.


In this research, we draw from the stereotyping literature to suggest that supervisor ratings of job performance are affected by employees’ start times—the time of day they first arrive at work. Even when accounting for total work hours, objective job performance, and employees’ self-ratings of conscientiousness, we find that a later start time leads supervisors to perceive employees as less conscientious. These perceptions in turn cause supervisors to rate employees as lower performers. In addition, we show that supervisor chronotype acts as a boundary condition of the mediated model. Supervisors who prefer eveningness (i.e., owls) are less likely to hold negative stereotypes of employees with late start times than supervisors who prefer morningness (i.e., larks). Taken together, our results suggest that supervisor ratings of job performance are susceptible to stereotypic beliefs based on employees’ start times. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved)


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Journal of Abnormal Psychology

The Journal of Abnormal Psychology publishes articles on basic research and theory in the broad field of abnormal behavior, its determinants, and its correlates.

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